A spike in domestic and peer violence motivated by sexual orientation or gender identity and public expressions of homophobia and transphobia in academia are highlighted in the 2017 report on the state of gay, lesbian and transgender rights in Bosnia, compiled by a Sarajevo-based rights organization.
According to the Sarajevo Open Center’s “pink report”, there was no major change in the number of cases of gay rights violations that the organization recorded in 2016 and 2017. The number of persons who contacted the organization seeking assistance with asylum plans, change of sex designation in personal documents, psychological support or obtaining documents needed to get married with a person of the same sex in a country that allows it also didn’t change significantly compared to earlier years.
“Clearly, in addition to changes to the laws and public policies, Bosnian institutions need to develop concrete programs and action steps toward curbing intolerance, xenophobia, violence and discrimination, while encouraging social inclusion of LGBTI persons,” the organization said in its report.
Institutions need to develop concrete programs and action steps toward curbing intolerance, xenophobia, violence and discrimination
Sarajevo Open Center praised improvements of the Bosnian legislation in the form of amendments to the anti-discrimination law that included sex characteristics as basis for discrimination, as well as the amendments to the Federation entity’s criminal code that defined hate crime, “but in addition to those legal novelties, the state, police and judiciary officials need to be educated about them, and the public needs to be informed to improve their implementation and achieve their purpose”.
“A first step in that direction was made with the operative plans of the entity governments and the (Bosnian) Council of Ministers for implementation of the gender action plan, but such form of action must continue and be more comprehensive when it comes to the rights of LGBTI persons,” the organization said.