The National Museum in Sarajevo is hosting an exhibition of traditional Serbian textile and decorations from the 19th and early 20th century. The pieces exhibited are kept at the ethnography museum in Belgrade, Serbia.
Serbian folk art unites shared cultural values and aesthetics of Serbs in places where they are considered an indigenous group – in today’s Serbia, Bosnia, Montenegro and Croatia – while distinguishing their cultural identity, the exhibition description says. The art is characterized by models and art rules that are passed from one generation to another. Changes in the art patterns happen slow over long periods of time.
In a wider cultural context, textile items and jewelry symbolized a number of identity labels – social status, gender, age, religious and ethnic affiliation. They played an important role in the customs and the social life of individuals and community. Textile art and jewelry were an important part of the Serbian wedding customs. Bride’s dowry would usually contain a number of textile items that served a purpose. Since the bride was central to the wedding customs, her wedding attire was usually decorated with jewelry, including opulent headpieces.
Those decoration elements had different meanings, indicating the economical and social status and providing protection from spells.
The traditional jewelry exhibited at the National Museum was made with different techniques and from different materials. Some pieces are very simple, while others are artistically elaborate.
The exhibition is on display since May 10.